Theme of Savitri an epic poetry by Aurobindo

Theme of Savitri of Aurobindo Ghosh

Introduction: Sri Aurobindo:-

Sri Aurobindo, a great philosopher, a saint, a nationalist, a poet and a yogi, is an outstanding figure in the modern Indian history. He is one of the greatest personalities in the literary world as well. His poetic achievement has brought him a place of honour among modern Indian English writers. His versatile poetic genius has found its perfect expression in his famous epic 'Savitri'. It is his highest poetic accomplishment. One can not fully appreciate and understand Aurobindo's philosophy without fully understanding Savitri.

Profile Theme of Savitri by Aurobindo Ghosh
Born August 15, 1872, Kolkata
Died December 5, 1950, Puducherry
Profession Philosopher, poet, freedom fighter
Philosophy Integral Yoga, Evolutionism, Supermind, intermediate zone
Nationality Indian
Education University of Cambridge
Influences Spiritualism, Indian philosophy
Students Auroville, Mirra Alfassa
Founded Sri Aurobindo ashram
Notable Works Savitri, The life devine

Theme of Savitri:- 

Aurobindo was a great spiritual person and his poetry is full of mysticism. He took the story  as a legend and symbol and put all his experience and yoga in his epic poem ‘Savitri’ which he himself regarded as his most important work. He has presented the theme of love through the character of Savitri. Savitri has been shown as a symbol of perfect and ideal wife. She possesses the power of divine love. Through her Aurobindo tries to establish the victory of love over death. As a spiritual reformer he introduced his vision on human progress and spiritual evolution.

Savitri Book
What? Poetry
Written by Aurobindo Ghosh
Originally Published June 1940
Form Blank verse
Subtitle A Legend and a Symbol
Based Upon Mahabharata
  • love
  • death
  • Devine power
  • Immortality
  • Savitri, an epic poem in blank verse, is based upon the story of Mahabharata. Here Ghosh expresses his mystic experiences. It is a comprehensive, integrated and  excellent cosmic poem having a range that is too vast. Savitri takes as its theme the life of human and the movement of once soul over a cosmic plane. The death of Satyavan is  not simply the theme of Savitri rather it is the suffering, misery and the death. Satyavan's death symbolises the defeat of truth and the invasion of darkness. But Savitri equipped with the power of her love engages in an conflict with death and secures her husband.

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    Love and life (death) are the major theme upon which the whole epic of Savitri is based. Only ‘Savitri’ is the complete story where Love and Life both are established fully. In 'Savitri' this subject of love and death has been treated in a very philosophical manner, it reaches its highest height. The poet had tried to establish here that in this world nothing is impossible. Generally, it is quite impossible to get victory over death but Savitri proves that true and divine love can conquer the death. Death is a shadow of love. Love and death seems to possess two opposite principles, one presents the divine eternity and immortality, the other insists on the eternity of the mortality. 

    The description of the sudden meeting of Savitri and Satyavan sings the glory of love. The poet describes this meeting in detail as an example of spiritual love. This one moment of sacred meeting knit their hearts and make them forever for each other. Their union is the union of Prakriti and Purodha; and becomes a union of cosmic scale.

    Savitri carries within herself the power of divine love. All true humans have this divine element in them. In the epic 'Savitri' love divine comes as the embodiment of Supreme grace to make man free from the darkness of ignorance of death. love is that embodiment of the eternity which carries with it the stamp of immortality. Savitri represents the victory of love over death. The debate between Savitri and lord of death is unique in itself. The conquest of love over death has been the dream of man from the dawn of his existence. Savitri fulfills this dream by defeating the lord of death, Yama.

    In Savitri this subject of love and death has been treated in a very philosophical manner. It reaches its highest epitome. In this epic, divine love comes to make man free from the darkness of death. Savitri takes up the subject and brings the necessary condition to win over it. It affirms the necessity of the birth of a new power, the power of the divine grace of love, which alone can save man from the reign of ignorance of death.

    The poetic portrait of Savitri has been so beautifully developed in the epic that she becomes the embodiment of love incarnate.

    You Can Also Read:-

    1. Various Themes of Geetanjali.
    2. Aurobindo Ghosh as a poet.
    3. Anita Desai as a novelist.
    4. Character Sketch of Maya in Cry, the Peacock.

    Frequently Asked Questions:-

    1) Who wrote the poem Savitri?

    Answer- Savitri is an epic poem written by Aurobindo Ghosh in the later part of his life, when he began to have mystic experiences. First manuscript of Savitri was composed in the year 1916.

    2) What is spiritual message of Savitri?

    Answer- The is a philosophical and mystic poem. It's has the message of the self-realization of what is within one. It also presents the message of devotion to one's duties and conviction for truth and love.

    3) What is the significance of dawn symbol in Aurobindo's Savitri?

    Answer- Dawn is the coming of light and retreating of darkness. The symbol of dawn here portrays savitri as a force of light or divinity over darkness of death of satyawan.


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