Synchronic and diachronic linguistics (Approaches to study of language)

Synchronic and diachronic linguistics (Approaches to study of language)

General Introduction:-

In linguistics there has developed two approaches to the study of a language. These two approaches are synchronic and diachronic. The former concept was theorised by a Swiss linguist Ferdinand de Saussure in his work Course in general linguistics which was published posthumously in 1916. Before him linguists used to mainly focus on the study of historical evolution of languages. Saussure gave primacy to the study of a language at its state especially in the present .

Synchronic and diachronic linguistics (Approaches to study of language)

Synchronic Linguistics:-

Synchronic linguistics, also known as descriptive or general linguistics, is the analytical study of a language at a particular time, usually at its present form. However the study of a language at any point in past also falls under this but that study should be only of a state of language at that point of time. It means it studies the language at a particular period without any reference to its earlier or later stages.

Important Links
American Literature Ralf Waldo Emerson
British Literature King Lear (Summary & Plot)
Indian English Writings Anita Desai
Literary Criticism Longinus: The Sublime

इस आर्टिकल को हिन्दी में पढ़ने के लिए नीचे क्लिक करें:- Approach for study of a language in Hindi.

It analyses how people use a language to share their ideas in a speech community at a given point in time. It studies and compares how the same language is used differently by spatially apart peoples. It is the study of the grammar, classification and arrangements of the features of a language.

Diachronic Linguistics:-

Diachronic linguistics, literally means across-time, is the study of a language through different periods in history. It is the study of the development and evolution of a language. It examines that how a language has changed and gone through modifications in history. Its main  concerns are as follows:

1) To describe and account for the observed changes in particular languages.

2) To reconstruct the pre-history of languages and determine their relatedness, grouping them into language families.

3) To Evolve theories about how and why a language changes.

4) To describe the history of speech communities.

5) To study the etymology or the history of words.

[References:-1) ThoughtCo. 2)]


  1. Organs of Speech.
  2. Approaches to study of language. Evolution of English language. (To be uploaded soon)
  3. Registers, dialect and style.
  4. Phonemes and allophones.
  5. Difference between phonetics and phonology.
  6. How English because a world language?


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