Showing posts with the label English Language

Difference between Synchronic and Diachronic approaches of Linguistics (language Study)

Difference between Synchronic and Diachronic Linguistics (approach to study of language) Table of Contents:- 1) Introduction: Synchronic & Diachronic Linguistics.     1. Synchronic Linguistics.     2. Diachronic Linguistics. 2) Difference between Synchronic & Diachronic Linguistics. 3) Read More in Linguistics. 4) Frequently Asked Questions. Introduction : Synchronic & Diachronic Linguistics :- Synchronic and diachronic are the two approches that have evolved for the study of a language(s). Synchronic is the study of a language at a specific period of time usually at present. While diachronic approach studies the evolution and changes in languages through time. For example the study of English language that how it has evolved from Latin and Greek would fall under the diachronic approach/ linguistics. इस आर्टिकल को हिन्दी मे पढ़ने के लिए नीचे दी हुई लिंक पर जाएं:- Difference between the synchronic and diachronic approaches for the study of a language in HINDI

Approaches to the study of a language Synchronic Linguistics and diachronic linguistics

  To Read This Article in English Click Here:- Approaches to the study of a language: Synchronic and diachronic. भाषाविज्ञान (Linguistics) में भाषा के अध्ययन के लिए दो दृष्टिकोण (approach - तरीके) विकसित हुए हैं।  ये दो दृष्टिकोण synchronic (समकालिक) और diachronic (ऐतिहासिक) हैं।  Synchronic Approach का concept एक स्विस भाषाविद् Ferdinand de Saussure ने अपनी कृति Course on General Linguistics में दिया था जिसे 1916 में मरणोपरांत प्रकाशित किया गया था। उनसे पहले के भाषाविद मुख्य रूप से भाषाओं के ऐतिहासिक विकास के अध्ययन पर ध्यान केंद्रित करते थे।  सॉसर (Saussure) ने किसी समयसीमा में भाषा को उसकी किसी एक अवस्था पर अध्ययन को प्राथमिकता दी।   Synchronic Linguistics (समकालिक भाषाविज्ञान):-  Synchronic Linguistics, जिसे discriptive (वर्णनात्मक) या general (सामान्य भाषाविज्ञान) के रूप में भी जाना जाता है, एक विशेष समय में किसी भाषा का विश्लेषणात्मक अध्ययन है आमतौर पर उसके वर्तमान स्वरूप में।  हालाँकि अतीत में किसी भी समय विशेष पर किसी भाषा का अध्ययन भी इसी के अंतर्गत आता है लेकिन वह अध्ययन उस

Synchronic and diachronic linguistics (Approaches to study of language)

Synchronic and diachronic linguistics (Approaches to study of language) General Introduction:- In linguistics there has developed two approaches to the study of a language. These two approaches are synchronic and diachronic. The former concept was theorised by a Swiss linguist Ferdinand de Saussure in his work Course in general linguistics which was published posthumously in 1916. Before him linguists used to mainly focus on the study of historical evolution of languages. Saussure gave primacy to the study of a language at its state especially in the present . Synchronic Linguistics:- Synchronic linguistics, also known as descriptive or general linguistics, is the analytical study of a language at a particular time, usually at its present form. However the study of a language at any point in past also falls under this but that study should be only of a state of language at that point of time. It means it studies the language at a particular period without any reference to its earlier

Varieties of Spoken Language : Register, Style & Dialect

Varieties of Language (Register, Style & Dialect) Variety of Spoken Language:  Register :- Registers are one of the varieties of spoken English language. It can be defined as a formality in a written text. These are the stylistic functional varieties and suggest almost a distinctive piece of a language.  Registers are occasion oriented. These are selected on the basis of some facts, such as what material is to be written and for what purpose, where is it being sent and most importantly to whom is it to be sent etc. One may use a specific kind of language in one case while he/she may switch over to the other based on the state of affairs. Hence, there exists a variety of registers based on the occasion. We can take, for example, the language of newspaper headlines, church services, sports commentaries etc. as the different forms of register.              In Linguistics, Register is defined as the way a speaker uses a language differently in different circumstances. His/he

Phonemes & Allophones | Linguistics | English Literature

Phoneme & Allophones Phonemes :- Phoneme can be defined as a minimal distinctive unit of the sound system of a language. By minimal we mean that it can not be sub divided and by distinctive we mean that it is a unique sound and has the potentiality of changing the meaning of a word. Bloomfield has defined phonemes as follows : " phoneme is the minimal unit of distinctive sound feature".           Phonemes may be understood as a smallest unit that has the capacity of changing the whole meaning of a word. For example in the words 'put' and 'but' we can see that just a single sound has changed the meaning of the word. 'p' and 'b' are the two individual and distinctive units of sound in the English sound system and are referred as the phonemes of English language.  Generally, these single distinctive sounds do not possess any meaning on their own, but when arranged in a word, each distinct sound starts contributing to the meaning of