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Organic Theory of State | Political Theory | PSIR | UPSC

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 Organic Theory of State Organic theory of State: 🔹 The earliest concept on the State. 🔹Compares the State with an organism or Living body and the individuals with its organs. Two implications : 1. The existence and worth of individuals depend on the existence of the State similar to the organs' relation with their organism. 2. different groups and classes in society are naturally fit to perform different function similar to the functions of various organs in an organism. Key concept : State as a natural Institution: 🔹 State is a natural institution. 🔹Existence of man can't be imagined without the State. 🔹Ancients Greeks held, " State comes into existence for the sake of life and continues for the sake of good life ". 🔹 Aristotle : man is by nature a political animal. 🔹 One who lives without the State is either a beast or god. 🔹 State is prior to man. Challenged by mechanistic theory in 17th century (scientific revolution) :  Individuals as related atoms.

Probity in Governance | Ethics | UPSC

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 Probity in Governance | UPSC (Ethics) | GS-4 What is Probity? Probity simply means maintaining integrity, uprightness and honesty in professional capacity. Maintaining probity in governance involves more than simply avoiding corrupt or dishonest conduct. It requires ethical behaviour that upholds public values and ensures impartiality, accountability and transparency which, in turn, increases people's confidence to participate in the Governance process. Thus probity can be defined as : Probity is defined as adherence to ethical and moral values like honesty, integrity, rectitude, uprightness etc. It is the presence of procedural integrity with high standards of ethical behaviour.   Probity in Governance : Probity in Governance requires more than the conventional civil service values of performance, integrity and patriotism. Civil servants need to adopt as well as undertake ethical and integrity values, which includes dedication to the service, inner-compulsion for welfare works,

मिस्टर लॉइजेल का चरित्र चित्रण हिंदी | Character Sketch of Mr. Loisel in Hindi

Character Sketch of Mr. Loisel in Hindi मिस्टर लॉइजेल का चरित्र चित्रण हिंदी  Introduction: Mr Loisel : मिस्टर लोइसेल गाइ डे मौपासेंट द्वारा लिखित कहानी द नेकलेस में  एक पात्र है। द नेकलेस लोइसेल कपल्स की कहानी है, जो बहुत अमीर नहीं हैं। कहानी लॉइजल कपल्स के संघर्ष पर आधारित हैं जब उनसे एक उधार का लििया हुआ हार खो जाते है। मिस्टर लोइसेल का चरित्र रेखाचित्र : मिस्टर लोइसल एक साधारण व्यक्ति हैं, जो क्लर्क के रूप में काम करते हैं। वह सीमित साधनों के साथ सादा जीवन जीते है। लेकिन वह इसकी शिकायत नहीं करते हैं। मिस्टर लोइसेल अपनी पत्नी से प्यार करते है और उसे खुश करने के लिए सब कुछ करते है। हालाँकि, उनकी पत्नी मटिल्डा अपने जीवन से संतुष्ट नहीं हैं। वह अमीरों की तरह फिजूल खर्च और विलासिते के साथ जीवन जीना चाहती है। जब मिस्टर लोइसेल को अपनी पत्नी के साथ एक Ball Party का निमंत्रण मिलता है, तो उनकी पत्नी एक महंगे हार की चाहत करती है। वह सुझाव देते है कि उसे अपने अमीर दोस्त मैडम फॉरेस्टियर से एक हार उधार लेनी चाहिए। जब मटिल्डा अपना हार खो देेती  है, तो वह अपनी मेहनत की कमाई को एक नया ह

MA English 4th SEM Syllabus Download (APSU)

 MA English 4th SEM Syllabus Download (APSU)

For what unusual reason is Bholi sent to school?

Q. For what unusual reason is Bholi sent to school? Context : This question has been taken from the chapter Bholi included in the NCERT Class-10 notebook. It is a story of the life and struggle of a simple girl Bholi. This story portrays that how the character of Bholi develops from being a simpleton to an educated individual over the course of time and under the proper guidance of her teacher. This story was written by an indian novelist, journalist and film director Khwaja Ahmad Abbas (K. A. Abbas).  Q. For what unusual reason is Bholi sent to school? Answer : As Ramlal was a government official, any act done by him would present a precedence for the village. Hence, Tehsildar asked Ramlal to send his daughters to the new school in his village so that others can follow as well. That's why Bholi was sent to school just to satisfy the Tehsildar. Ramlal's wife did not want to send any of her daughters to school as it could affect their marriage prospects. However they thought th

Do you know the story of Rapunzel? Why does she want to be Rapunzel?

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Q. Do you know the story of Rapunzel? Why does she want to be Rapunzel? Context : This question has been asked from a chapter named Amanda of class-10 book first flight. The chapter is a poem included in First light written by Robin Klein. This poem is about a young teenage girl named Amanda.  The poet has beautifully presented the psychology of a teenager in this poem. Here poet has shown the relationship of a teenager with his/her parents. He also tries to depict how a teenager always wants to revolt against the rule and regulations.  Now without further ado let's discuss about the answer of question : Q. Do you know the story of Rapunzel? Why does she want to be Rapunzel? Answer : Rapunzel was a beautiful girl with long hairs who lived alone in a tall tower. Her grandmother had kept her captive in the tower. She came up the tower by climbing Rapunzel's long hair.  Amanda also wants to live alone in a tower as she would not have to care about anything. She thinks that the l

What does the girl yearn for? What does this poem tell you about Amanda?

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Q. What does the girl yearn for? What does this poem tell you about Amanda? Context:  This question has been asked from a chapter named Amanda of class-10 book first flight. The chapter is a poem included in First light written by Robin Klein. This poem is about a young teenage girl named Amanda.  The poet has beautifully presented the psychology of a teenager in this poem. Here poet has shown the relationship of a teenager with his/her parents. He also tries to depict how a teenager always wants to revolt against the rule and regulations.  Now without further ado let's discuss about the answer of question : Q. What does the girl yearn for? What does this poem tell you about Amanda? Answer : The girl in the poem is a 9-10 year old Amanda. She yearns for solitude and peace. She wants to stay alone. She dream of being a mermaid. If she were a mermaid, then she would drift slowly on a calm sea where she would be the only inhabitant. Even she imagines as if she were an orphan. In that

How does Anne feel about her father, grandmother, Mrs Kuperus and Mr Keesing?

Q. How does Anne feel about her father, her grandmother, Mrs Kuperus and Mr Keesing? What do these tell you about her? Answer : Anne Frank gives the description of different people and what she feels regarding them.  She felt that her father was the most adorable father she had ever seen. Anne loved her grandmother the most. She remembered her even after her death. She often thought of her grandmother and write about her in her diary. In the sixth form at the Montessori nursery school, her teacher was Mrs Kuperus, who was also the headmistress. At the end of the year, they were both in tears as they said a heartbreaking farewell. Mr Keesing was her Maths teacher. He was annoyed with her because she talked too much. However, Anne was able to justify her talkative nature every time she was punished by Mr. Keesing. On each occasion he was impressed by the manner in which she presented her arguments. All these incidents show how lovable and smart Anne was. Everybody was attached to h

Ethical Characteristics/ Traits in Civil Servants | UPSC | PDF Download

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 Ethical Characteristics/ Traits a Civil Servant must possess (UPSC) Q. What are the five ethical characteristics that can be used to predict a civil servant's effectiveness? Explain why they belong in the matrix. (150 Words) Or Q. Identify five ethical traits on which one can plot the performance of a civil servant. Justify their inclusion in the matrix. (150 Words)(UPSC CSE 2021) Approach : Introduction : Start with mentioning the need for Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration. Body : Chart out the five ethical traits which you consider essential in a civil servant and justify their inclusion with examples. Conclusion : Conclude suitably. Ethical Characteristics & Traits in a Civil Servant Model Answer : Introduction : Ethics can be defined as a set of “moral principles that guide and govern a person’s behaviour or conduct in various situations ”. Ethics relates to those ultimate values and standards by which human actions can

Theme of Love & Sexuality in Kamala Das' Poetry

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Theme of Love & Sexuality in Kamala Das' Poetry Introduction : Kamala Das : Kamala Das, popularly known by her one-time pen name Madhavikutty, is one of the most popular Indo-Anglian poets. She was one of the bold contemporary Indian women writers. Her contribution is enormous in the growth of Indian poetry in English. She was one of the first Indian writers to explore sexual themes in her work. Kamala Das' original name was Kamala Surayya. Apart from being a great Indian English poet and writer, she was also a leading Malayalam author from Kerala. Her popularity is based chiefly on her short stories and autobiographical writings, while her oeuvre in English, written under the name Kamala Das, is noted for the poems and explicit autobiography. She was also a widely read columnist and wrote on diverse topics including women's issues, child care, politics among others etc. Kamala's poetry is confessional and autobiographical. Her poems have often been consid

Landmarks of life of Eugene O'Neill

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Landmarks of life of Eugene O'Neill  Q. Show your acquaintance with the landmarks of the life of Eugene O'Neill. Introduction : Eugene O'Neill : Eugene Gladstone O'Neill was an American playwright, who brought the element of seriousness in American drama. His poetically titled plays were among the first to introduce into the U.S. the drama techniques of realism, earlier associated with Russian playwright Anton Chekhov, Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen, and Swedish playwright August Strindberg.  Eugene O'Neill left behind him five unquestioned masterpieces : Desire under the Elms, Strange Interlude, Mourning becomes Electra, The Iceman Cometh, and Long day's journey into night . He is acknowledged for his distinguished serious American drama.  He was awarded with nobel prize in literature for his outstanding contribution. Eugene O'Neill Profile Born 16 oct 1888, New York Died 27 nov 1953, Boston Profession Playwrigh

MA English 4th Semester (Indian English Writings) Question Paper @2

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 M. A. (Fourth Semester) Examination ENGLISH LITERATURE (Questions Paper) Indian Writing in English Time Allowed : Three hours Maximum Marks : 35 Note: Attempt all questions. All question carries equal marks. 1. Discuss Kamala Das as a confessional poet with reference to the poems prescribed in your syllabus. 2. ‘Finding out about oneself is the main theme of the English Teacher.’ How far do you agree with this s tatement? 3. Discuss how Sashi Deshpande’s novel. That, Long Silence depicts the sufferings of a modern Indian woman i n a middle-class family. 4. Do you consider Amitav Ghosh’s The Shadow Lines as a Partition fiction? Justify. 5. Mulk Raj Anand’s novels depict the problems of Indian Society realistically. Discuss with reference to his n ovel Untouchable. Related Links Important Topics & Questions Critical Theory Edward Said : Orientalism American Literature Thoreau : Civil disobedience British Literature Synchronic & Diachronic

MA English 4th Semester Questions Paper (American Literature) @2

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 M. A (Fourth Semester) Examination English Literature Questions Paper American Literature Time Allowed : Three hours Maximum Marks : 35 Note: Attempt all questions. All question carries equal marks. 1. What does emerson say about scholors in ‘American Scholar’? Discuss. 2. What is the main theme of ‘Civil Disobedience’? 3. Emily Dickinson is ‘an original poet. She had no master and no disciple.’ Discuss and illustrate. 4. Discuss Sylvia Plath as a confessional poet? Does her work challenge the designation? Give reasons for your answer . 5. Discuss Tennessee Williams as a dramatist. Related Links Important Topics & Questions Critical Theory Edward Said : Orientalism American Literature Thoreau : Civil disobedience Theme of Untouchable Synchronic & Diachronic Linguistics Morphology Morph, morphemes & Allomorphs 

MA English 4th Semester Question paper (English Language) @2

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 M. A. (Fourth Semester) Examination English Literature Questions Paper English Language Time Allowed : Three hours Maximum Marks : 35 Note : Attempt all questions. Each question carries equal marks. 1. Explain Roots and Affixes, also write in detail about types of affixes. 2. Explain the ten proceses of Word Formation in English with examples. 3. What are the seven basic clause type of sentence according to David Crystal? Illustrate with examples. 4. Write a note on classification of Tones. 5. Write a detail note on Phrases and its type s.

MA English 4th Semester Question paper (Critical Theory) @2

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 M. A (Fourth Semester) Examination ENGLISH Literature Questions Paper Critical Theory Time Allowed : Three hours Maximum Marks : 35 Note: Attempt all questions. All question carries equal marks. 1. Discuss post colonialism and orientalism in detail. 2. Discuss basic trends in feminist criticism. 3. Discuss F.R. Leavis as a critic. 4. Edward said as a critic. Discuss. 5. Discuss the contemporary trends in critical theory. Related Links Important links & PYQs Critical Theory Edward Said : Orientalism American Literature Thoreau : Civil disobedience British Literature Synchronic & Diachronic Linguistics Morphology Morph, morphemes & Allomorphs  .

Character Sketch of Bholi (Class-10) 150 words

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Character Sketch of Bholi Class-10 Q. Character Sketch of Bholi in 100/150 words. Or Q. Sketch the character of Bholi. Or Q. Give the character Sketch of Bholi in your own words. Answer : Bholi was a simple and neglected girl. She was the fourth daughter of Ramlal. She was an introvert and innocent child. She stammered while speaking. She also had marks of chicken-pox on her body and face. This made her under-confident.   Bholi was even neglected by her own family.  But, then she went to school. She got there a very kind teacher. She began to gain knowledge and confidence. After some time she became a knowledgeable and educated person. Indeed, Bholi was hardworking, who changed her life in a positive environment provided by her teacher. Related Links (Class-10) Bholi Chapter all questions Lencho all Questions Bholi's Teacher Amanda Anne Frank Matilda Loisel Mr. Loisel Bishambar Bholi's Parents   Table of Cont