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Elements of Tragedy by Aristotle | Poetics | Critical Theory

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Elements of Tragedy by Aristotle Now let's discuss the ingredients of a tragedy. Aristotle's theory of tragedy talks of six ingredients of tragedy, these are :- 💡6 elements of Tragedy:- Plot Character Thought Diction Spectacle Music 1) Plot :- The first and foremost element of tragedy is its plot. Aristotle has given it the most importance and calls it the ' soul of the tragedy '. Plot consists of a logical, regular and inevitable sequence of events. Without it tragedy is not possible. Aristotle discusses two kinds of plot- Simple plot and complex plot. 📍Simple plot:- In simple plot story runs smoothly with no sub-stories running side by side. There is only a single story which forms the plot. It is easy to understand. 📍Complex plot:- According to Aristotle, a complex plot consists of two stories with parallel story running along the main story. In this plot there is a unity of time, place and action. It is comparatively difficult to understand. Aristotle prefers the

Character Sketch of Belinda | The Rape of the Lock

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 Character Sketch of Belinda in The Rape of the Lock Table of Contents: 1. Introduction : Belinda  2. Introduction Alexander Pope  3. Character Sketch of Belinda     3.1 Exquisite Beauty     3.2 Un-interested in matrimony     3.3 Belinda : A Coquette     3.4 Belinda and the Sylphs     3.5 Belinda's Pride Introduction : Belinda  Belinda is a complex and controversial character since the publication of the poem The Rape of the Lock itself. She is a beautiful young maiden. Ariel, the airy Spirit is the protector of Belinda's virtue. He already reminds her of her being virgin and charming beauty in her dream. But Belinda is a bit slippery. She goes to court Hampton where her lock of hair is shipped off. Then she laments in remorse. Belinda has been presented in various shades and different roles. Where at one place Pope praises Belinda's unparalleled beauty at other times he makes  satirical and ironical comments as well.  Some critics consider her treatment

Post Colonialism and Feminist Theory | Literary Criticism

 Post-Colonialism & Feminism Post Colonial Theory & Criticism : Since about the 90's post colonial theory and criticism has had a major impact on literary and social studies. works like post colonial studies post Colonial literature or postcolonial cinema are frequently encountered. Students of literature, language, social science and law now see their subjects in a new light thanks to the postcolonial theory. The insights from postcolonial theory are so rich that they illuminate not only the abstract world of our ideas but also the everyday world of our habits and practices. Thus, why we dress the way we do, how we view things in terms of inferior-superior dichotomy, why we consider some colours and shapes more important than others can all the partly explained by post colonial theory. Terminology (Colonialism) : Post Colonial : The basic word in post colonial is colony. The word colony gives us many more words namely colonial, colonizer, colonization and decoloni

Character Sketch of Matilda in Points | Class-10

 Character Sketch of Matilda in Points  Q. Give the characteristics of Matilda's character in The Necklace. Answer : Matilda is a woman character in the story  'the necklace'.  She is a poor lady and is married to a poor clerk. The story is about the ambition of the poor woman Matilda to appear as if she is rich. This show off by her leads to very detrimental consequences and suffering. This story is written by a  French author Guy De Maupassant.  It has been included in the syllabus of Class 10 English textbook  foot prints. Character Sketch of Matilda (In Points) : A pretty young lady. Belonged to a less well-off family. Aspired to live a rich and luxurious life. Showy nature and show-off. Loved to receive compliments. A tactful woman. Can easily manipulate and convience others. Short-sighted, lacked prudence. Related Links (Class-10) Bholi Chapter all questions Lencho all Questions Bholi's Teacher Amanda Anne Frank Lencho (Char

Rasa Theory in Natyashastra by Bharat Muni

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 Bharata Muni's Rasa Theory in Natyashastra Natyashastra : The Nāṭya Śāstra (Sanskrit: नाट्य शास्त्र, Nāṭyaśāstra) is a Sanskrit treatise on the performing arts. It is a notable ancient encyclopedic treatise on the arts; one which has influenced dance, music and literary traditions in India. Natyashastra deals with subjects such as dramatic composition, structure of a play and the construction of a stage to host it, genres of acting, body movements, make up and costumes, role and goals of an art director, the musical scales, musical instruments and the integration of music with art performance etc. Natyashastra also inspired secondary literature such as  Abhinavabharati written by Abhinav Gupta. { Source : Wikipedia } Natyashastra Written By Bharata Muni Profile Work Ancient Indian Treatise Genre Encyclopaedic treatise Theme Ae

Critically examine the Marxist theory of State | PSIR | UPSC| Political Theory

 Criticism of Marxist theory of State Q. Critically examine the Marxist theory of State w.r.t. Dictatorship of Proletariat. Answer : Marxist Theory of State views state as an artificial device as opposed to the natural or ethical institution as held by the organic theory. Marxist theory is the class perspective on State. According to which, the state comes into existence when society is divided into two antagonist classes, the dominant class and the dependent class.  Marxist theory treats State as an instrument of capitalist class to control, contain and oppress the working class. The dominant class owns the means of production and uses the machinery of the state to serve its own interests which involve the exploitation of the dependent class.  The pioneers of the class theory of the state—Marx, Engels and Lenin—have made it amply clear that the state is but an instrument of class rule and exploitation. Karl Marx famously proclaimed "State is nothing but an executive committee

Comment on: Pluralist Theory of State | Model Answer| PSIR

 Pluralist Theory of State Q. Comment on: Pluralist Theory of State. Answer : Pluralist theory of State is based on the belief that sovereignty resides not only with the State but many other institutions. It holds that State acts as an umpire or referee in society. Pluralist Theory of State was developed against the monistic theory of State which upholds the legal and absolute sovereignty of the state. Pluralist theory holds that political power should be regarded as analytically distinct from economic power. According to the Pluralist notion, there can be various sources of political power.  Many  social, political, cultural and economic institutions exercise influence in society. For example, family,  religious institutions, charitable trusts, etc. Pluralism as a theory of society asserts that within liberal democracies power is widely and evenly dispersed. Pluralism as a theory of State holds that the state is neutral in so far it is susceptible to the influence of various groups an

Emotional Intelligence UPSC | Ethics | GS-4

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Emotional Intelligence (Ethics) | UPSC Topic: GS Paper - 4 Ethics and Human Interface | Emotional intelligence "Anybody can become angry, that is easy; but to be angry with the right person, and to the right degree, and at the right time, and for the right purpose, and in the right way, that is not within everybody’s power, that is not easy." —Aristotle What is Emotional Intelligence (EI) ? The term was coined by two researchers – Peter Salovey and John Mayer in 1990 however it went popular in 1996 from Daniel Goleman’s book ‘ Emotional Intelligence: Why It Can Matter More Than IQ’. Emotional Intelligence: Emotional intelligence refers to ‘the ability to identify one’s own emotions and those of others, harness and apply them to tasks, and to regulate and manage them’. Emotional Quotient (EQ) is a measure of one’s EI i.e. through a standardized test, one’s awareness of emotions in relation to self and others is known. Four Different Areas of EI (Mayer & Salovey Ability Mo